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March 26 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

Youth Sports Injury Prevention Suggestion

Here good document on sports safety recommendations.  While  mainly focused on Japan, there are some good pieces of information that are pertinent to sports safety in the United States. Particularly suggestions for reducing injuries and head injuries. There are also some good statistics as well.

Topics covered include:

  • Youth Sports Injury Prevention
  • The scope of the youth sports injury problem in the United States
  • Recommendation to prevent youth sports injuries

To read the entire https://coa.stanford.edu/sites/default/files/AaronLMillerUSAReportforMRIForCOA.pdf

March 24 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

As a follow up to yesterday tip of the day.  Here are some tips that may work for you as you try to avoid shin pain.

  • Increase stride rate to around 180 steps per minute. You can measure your stride rate by counting the number of times a single foot hits the ground in a minute, then multiplying by two.  180 is the rate that most top endurance runners have.  
  • Minimize the number of hard workouts. Running hard puts more strain on your shins.  Build up a slow mileage base until you beat shin pain.  At the very least, don’t run hard two days in a row.  Mix in very slow runs and off days to let your shins recover.
  • Run almost exclusively on soft trails, tracks, or treadmills. 
  • Wear the proper shoe for your feet.
  • Stretch before and after every run.

If shin pains does occur seek the appropriate medical attention fro evaluation and the proper treatment strategies.

 

March 23 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

Shin Splints vs Stress Fractures

With spring track season now underway for over 3 weeks, in New Jersey, we thought it would be good to explain the difference between shin splints vs stress fractures of the lower leg.

A shin splint is an inflammation of the tissue running along the bone in the shin. Shin splints develop when the muscles and tissues tear due to the repeated pounding of running. This is usually caused by inflexible calf muscles in the back of the lower-leg, improper shoe choice, shoes that are not providing enough cushion, or ramping distance too quickly. A stress fracture is a very small crack or group of cracks that forms in the bone itself, similar to the white crease that would develop if you bent a credit card a few times.

The major difference in differentiating between a shin splint and a stress fracture is usually what we call “point tenderness”. With a shin splint, if you run your fingers along the shin, it will usually hurt all along the bone as you pass your fingers down the leg. With a stress fracture, there is usually one specific spot (or multiple spots) that hurts really badly. These spots are usually about the size of dime. The rest of the area will be much less tender.  In addition, people with stress fractures will also have pain with walking, sitting and even sometimes complain of pain that wakes them up from sleeping at night.

Stress fractures are much less common than shin splints. In most cases, a shin splint is a more likely explanation for shin pain, especially in new runners.

March 22 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

"High" Ankle Sprain vs a "Common" Ankle Sprain

Ankle sprains are common injuries. In fact, they are one of the most common injuries encountered in the United States. But what is the difference between a common ankle sprain and a high ankle sprain? And why do athletes with a high ankle sprain seem to be out for a longer period of time? The reason lies in the anatomy of the ankle and the different ligaments injured in a common vs. high ankle sprain. 

The ankle is made of three bones in the lower leg:  the tibia, the fibula, and the talus. These bones act together to form the ankle joint, which typically sustains loads three times a person’s body weight with normal daily activity. The soft tissues that surround the ankle allow for its stability and motion. The ligaments, in particular, stabilize the ankle. 

Common Ankle Sprains

March 21 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

MomsTeam has long advocated that parents have the right to expect that a certified athletic trainer (AT) is on staff. An AT is so important that he or she should be the next hire after the head coach.  According to a 2010 University of Michgan poll, two thirds of parents surveyed agree, supporting a requirement that high schools have an AT on site for practices and games.

To see a great video to see and understand the importance of hiring an athletic trainer visit:  http://www.atsnj.org/article/moms-team-every-school-should-have-athletic-trainer

March 20 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

Reminder: March is Brain Injury Awareness Month
 
Coaches, athletes  and parents can play an active role in keeping their children injury-free. http://newbrunswick.patch.com/articles/march-is-brain-injury-awareness-month-1866dac3
 
Use the various resources available on the ATSNJ website to best educate, prevent and manage concussions.
Resource Handouts:
http://atsnj.org/documents/pdf/ATSNJ_HeadInjuryInfo.pdf
http://atsnj.org/documents/pdf/ATSNJ_Concussion_Sheet.pdf
 
and article, handouts, videos and more:  http://atsnj.org/tags/concussion
 
 
 
 

March 17 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

 

Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation

With the recent lightning strike incident of the the four members of the Seymour High School (Indiana) girls softball team, serving as a reminder of the danger of severe weather it is important that athletic programs being conducted outside be prepared.

To learn about the dangers of lightning, undertstand lightning-safety guidelines and the proper defintions safe structures and locations, and to advocate the proper prehospital care for lightning-strike victims. Read the National Athletic Trainers’ Association Position Statement: Lightning Safety for Athletics and Recreation:

http://atsnj.org/documents/pdf/NATA_Position_Statement_Lightning_Safety_for_Athletics.pdf

March 16 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

Sprains, Strains and Contusions

How to Recognize and Prevent the Aches and Pains Most Common to Athletic Play

Athletes of all skill levels are bound to suffer some degree of injury during play or even pre- or post game. But, what exactly is your ailment and how should you treat it?

Sprains result when you over stretch or tear your capsule or ligament. Ligaments are tissues that connect bone to bone. The joint capsule is similar to a ligament and surrounds the joint.

Strains, also referred to as pulls, result from over stretching or tearing a muscle or tendon. Tendons are tissues that attach muscles to bones.

Contusions, typically known as bruises, are injuries to your tissue or bone in which the skin is not broken. Blood vessels rupture and bleed into the tissue causing discoloration. Bruises are usually blue or purple at first, and then gradually fade to various shades of brown, yellow and green as they rise to the surface of the skin.

For an informational handout on recognizing and caring for sprains, strains and contusion please visit:

ATSNJ: Sprains, Strains, and Contusions

March 15 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

SICKLE CELL TRAIT AND THE ATHLETE

Sickle Cell Trait is an inherited blood mutation that affects red blood cells that normally has no symptoms. People with the trait carry only one copy of the abnormal sickle gene. People with sickle cell trait are generally healthy.

During intense or extensive exertion, the shape of red blood cells can change from round to ‘sickle’ shaped. The sickle shape cell can jam the blood vessels setting up a situation where blood can’t move freely to reach different parts of the body. As blood flow is blocked, parts of the body can’t get enough oxygen. This can pose a grave risk for athletes as muscles and organs start to die.  

Are athletes with Sickle Cell Trait allowed to compete in athletics? 

There is no contraindication to participation in sport for the athlete with sickle cell trait.  Most doctors agree that most people with sickle cell trait will never have a problem. In rare circumstances, complications may result but lack of awareness and knowledge poses the biggest risk.  Education and precautions work best. 

The NCAA has published two quality documents on sickle cell trait.

One for coaches: 2012 NCAA Sickle Cell Trait Fact Sheet for Coaches

March 14 - Athletic Training Month Resource of the Day

Matters of the Heart: What is Sudden Cardiac Arrest and How Do AEDs Save Lives?

What is Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA)?

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the leading cause of death in young athletes. It occurs suddenly and without warning when the heart abruptly stops. Blood ceases to flow to the brain and other vital organs, causing immediate loss of consciousness or seizure-like activity.  If not treated within the first few minutes, SCA results in death. 

Approximately one case of sudden cardiac death occurs every three days in organized youth sports, resulting in an estimated 3,000 to 7,000 deaths of school-aged children who have shown no prior signs of cardiac illness or symptoms.Sudden cardiac arrest is NOT a heart attack. With a heart attack, the heart usually does not suddenly stop beating, although a heart attack can lead to SCA.

To see and print a great handout on sudden cardiac arrest visit:  http://www.atsnj.org/documents/pdf/ATSNJ_Cardiac_AED.pdf

 

 

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